Athens, Ga. – The Center for International Trade and Security in the University of Georgia School of Public and International Affairs has received four grants totaling more than $700,000 from the U.S. State Department to improve security in Indonesia, Kenya, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.
The grants are part of the State Department’s ongoing efforts to stem the illegal spread of dangerous chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear materials and technologies that could be used to build weapons of mass destruction by non-state groups, terrorists and other entities with malicious intent.
CITS will work closely with the U.S. State Department, the government of Kenya and other stakeholders to train top government officials-including legislators, leaders in relevant Kenyan agencies, border control officials, port authority agents, and the national police-to create a system of strategic trade controls that will promote legitimate trade and eliminate smuggling of materials that can be used to make extremely powerful unconventional weapons.
“In light of recent terrorist attacks in Kenya, our intention is to assist the Government of Kenya in its efforts to ensure there will never be a terrorist incident in which devices based on weapons of mass destruction are used,” said Stefanie Lindquist, dean of the School of Public and International Affairs.
The first training will be a five-day workshop in Kenya with 70 participants. This is the initial stage in a larger project, with the eventual goal of working with the Kenyan government to draft new strategic trade legislation and implement regulatory and enforcement frameworks.
CITS is also a stakeholder in The Kenyan Project-a joint effort to promote chemical security in Kenya-launched last year by the International Centre for Chemical Safety and Security, based in Tarnów, Poland, in cooperation with the Polish Government, the Dow Chemical Company, and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.
“After the September terrorist attack on the Westgate Mall in Nairobi claimed at least 67 lives, the importance of restricting the weapons available to militant groups like Al-Shabaab could not be clearer,” said CITS Director William W. Keller. “Although Kenya does not produce CBRN weapons or their underlying components, without trade controls in place, Kenya’s ports and borders are vulnerable to illegal trade and transshipment in these dangerous technologies and materials.”
The UGA Center also received grants to train officials and draft chemical security legislation in Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.
“Chemical security poses increasingly grave risks as chemical knowledge and chemical production facilities are spread more widely on a global basis,” said Keller.
Scott Jones, executive director of CITS, said that the center will work to build partnerships between the public and private sectors in these countries, setting up infrastructures to support future chemical security legislation. To that end, CITS will host workshops with universities and non-government organizations in each country.
Under the State Department grants, the center will also seek to raise awareness in Indonesia among current and future nuclear energy professionals (scientists, engineers and related personnel) of the need to ensure adequate security of nuclear and radioactive materials and facilities, and to prevent their proliferation. This grant complements ongoing CITS activity with BATAN (Indonesia’s National Nuclear Energy Agency), the International Atomic Energy Agency and the University of Gadja Madah, funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.
The Center for International Trade and Security seeks to promote global peace and prosperity through programs that focus on the protection and security of nuclear, chemical and biological materials and related technologies. CITS carries out its mission by engaging, training and informing policymakers, industry representatives, educators, students and the general public, both in the U.S. and abroad, about the dangers of trade in and theft of weapons and weapons components. The center works closely with UGA’s department of international affairs to offer a two-year professional master’s degree concentration in international security and nonproliferation. UGA students participate in many aspects of CITS nonproliferation work.
For further information, see the CITS website, http://cits.uga.edu/.