As the mercury rises in the thermometer and more Georgians head outdoors, heat-related illnesses easily can occur.
Some symptoms of heat-related diseases include heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, fainting, confusion and chills. To prevent heat-related illnesses:
- Limit time outdoors or, if possible, go outdoors during the coolest part of the day;
- Plan strenuous outdoor activity for early morning or late in the day;
- Stay in the shade as much as possible;
- Drink lots of liquids such as water, diluted fruit juice or sports beverages;
- Limit the intake of caffeinated drinks; and
- If going outside, wear appropriate clothes such as light-colored, loose-fitting shirts and pants and a hat.
Also, while outside monitor the health of others for signs of heat-related illnesses to prevent any problems.
If someone is experiencing what you believe is a heat-related illness:
- Call 911 for medical assistance;
- Get the person to an air-conditioned or shady area;
- Cool the victim down. Some methods to do so include spraying the person with water, using a sponge to apply water to the person and fanning him or her; and
- Give the victim cool water or a sports drink.