As most of the world came to a halt at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers were trying to find a way to engage students through research at a distance. University of Georgia professor of biochemistry and molecular biology Erin Dolan and her research team carried out a study to appraise the remote programs that grew from this challenge.
The study evaluated 23 programs at colleges, universities, and research institutions across the country. Most of these programs were eight- to 10-week internships.
“We wanted to get a sense of how the programs worked so we could make recommendations as the programs were ongoing as well as see ways we could make them stronger and better for remote research going forward,” said Dolan, Georgia Athletic Association Professor of Innovative Science Education. “We wanted to know what happened and was it good from a student perspective because these programs are developed to serve students and help them grow.”
The researchers conducted a descriptive evaluative study where they asked participants to describe the novel approaches used to execute the remote research. Participants also reported on the strengths and weaknesses of their programs and made suggestions for improvements. Undergraduate researcher Olivia Erickson, a senior majoring in biology, and others on the research team compiled the feedback and analyzed overarching themes.
What worked and didn’t work remotely
“One of the strong points the students noted was the quality of the mentorship, which is great because many faculty have little mentorship training, especially on how to mentor remotely,” said Dolan. “Being able to pivot and provide that needed support from a distance is crucial.”
The students also felt they learned a great deal and studied topics they might not have if the internship was in person. Most of the programs changed their projects to computational work, and the students developed skills they wouldn’t have otherwise used.
While the students felt the programs did a good job of fostering connections, students felt they missed out on the informal interactions that happen during in-person programs.
“Students also had concerns about the lack of structure. Doing research involves a lot of uncertainty. You don’t know what is going to happen day to day, it depends on the results,” said Dolan. “When you work from a distance, there is further uncertainty because you don’t have the structure of the workday, you wonder, am I working enough, am I working too little, when should I stop working?”
Despite that, the institutions were able to take advantage of remote research to schedule lectures and network opportunities with contacts from across the country. The students were able to engage with a much broader group of scientists.
Research at a distance opens two avenues. First, for students who are geographically limited, whether by other responsibilities or financially, being able to do research at a distance allows institutions to reach more students. Second, there is also a cost savings for the institutions. If the institutions are not providing housing, food and other necessities for participants, it’s possible they could use those savings to offer more internship spots.
“The evidence from our study suggests it would be worthwhile to pursue these kinds of programs in the future,” said Dolan. “It gives me some faith that there is value in remote research for engaging a broader group of students.”